GLOSSARY

Mechanical rights

Authors’ rights refers to the right to receive remuneration for their work when they have transferred the right to reproduce it digitally or, for example, CD, vinyl and DVD.

Merchandise

Merchandise is a term for items such as for example, T-shirts, posters and toy figurines sold with the artist's logo or name, often in conjunction with tours or concerts but also through the artist's website or other retail outlets.

record labels

Music record labels work with among other things to find and develop artists, record music as well as be responsible for the marketing and sales of music. Indies are a shortening of independents and refers to record labels that are completely separate and independent from major companies. In 2015, the major music record labels that exist are Universal Music Group, Sony Music Entertainment and Warner Music Group.

Music publishers

Music publishers work on behalf of songwriters, composers and lyricists. Music publishers promote and represent the rights to the author's music so that they receive compensation for the use of their musical creations. Music publishers promote the music to different users within a variety of areas, including synchronization in film, television and advertising as well as the issuance of notes and lyrics.

neighboring rights

Copyright law gives artists and musicians involved in the recording and the producer of the recording copyright protection, both voluntarily and economically. An artist who writes, performs and produces their own music is both a rights holder as well as a holder of neighboring rights.

Public performance

Public performance occurs when music is performed in front of an audience at a concert or played from for example television, computer, radio or disc such as a store, a workplace or restaurant.

Online sales

Online sales relates to the sale of music via digital music services such as iTunes (music downloads) and Spotify (streaming music). This category also includes some revenue from web TV and web radio, such as SVT Play and SR Webb and similar services.

Private copying compensation

Private copying remuneration makes it possible to copy and record music, movie and television for private use whilst the creators of the work being copied receive compensation for their original efforts. According to EU law private copying is permitted only if the rights holder is adequately compensated. Private copying compensation is paid by the industry that manufactures and sells products that can be used for private copying, such as CD / DVDs, MP3 players, external hard drives, USB memories, mobile phones and digital receivers with integrated hard disk.

Synchronization

A synchronization occurs when one combines music with a visual production, such as film, television or advertising. For the music to be used in the production, permission from the author, artist, his publisher and music label should be obtained. The copyright holder will also receive compensation when the production is broadcast in mainstream media.

Streaming music

Examples of streaming music services include Spotify, Apple Music and Tidal. The streaming of music (streaming) is when audio files are sent from a web service, via the Internet, to the recipient's computer, mobile phone, etc. where the files are played back in real time at the same time they are transmitted from the web service. One can then listen to the music directly, without first downloading the entire file.

Copyright revenue

Copyright revenue is compensation to rights holders for their musical works copied or performed / transmitted to the public, for example via the radio or at concerts.

Retransmission or cable TV compensation

When a television channel broadcasts on cable television networks, rights holders have the right to compensation from those who broadcast the channel.